Causes of Infertility in Women

An estimated one in six couples experience fertility problems and many never get diagnosed.

While there are a wide range of causes of infertility in women, which represent 35-40% of all fertility problems, there are a few causes that account for the majority of cases. Understanding these cases is a good way to recognize symptoms and seek treatment at a fertility clinic.

Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a painful cause of infertility and occurs when endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus. Accompanied by painful menstrual periods, heavy bleeding, and repeated miscarriages, 40 to 60 percent of patients can conceive normally after laproscopic surgery. IVF candidates experience the same success rates.

Ovulation Problems
Accounting for almost 30% of female fertility problems, failure to ovulate is a broad category that is symptomized by the failure of the ovaries to release an egg. Ovulation-stimulating drugs, such asclomiphene, are available at fertility clinics and can help in the majority of cases.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, also known as PCOS or Stein-Leventhal Syndrome, affects about one in ten women of childbearing age. It stems from ovaries with many small cysts, causing a hormone imbalance and difficulty ovulating. Ovulation-stimulating drugs can help, as well as in vitro fertilization.

Blocked Tubes
Blockages or damage in the fallopian tubes can prevent eggs from reaching the uterus and can prevent sperm from reaching the egg. Laproscopic surgery is one available treatment option, as well as IVF.

Because female infertility results in 35-40% of fertility problems, understanding the most common issues is the first step to determining that a fertility clinic can help. For more information about female infertility or to schedule an appointment, contact us today at (212) 679-2289.

New York Fertility Services was founded in 2008 to provide highly personalized fertility care to our patients. We are a full service fertility clinic specializing in IVF, egg donation, and surrogacy.