Fertility acronyms: The ABCs of fertility treatment
When you enter the world of reproductive medicine for the first time, you may find yourself trying to understand a bewildering number of fertility acronyms related to your treatment. Our fertility doctor in Manhattan will walk you through your diagnosis and treatment step-by-step, but it’s also helpful to have a handy reference for some of the abbreviations you’ll encounter on your journey to have a baby.
The fertility acronyms you need to know
As you go through fertility treatment, you’ll likely encounter fertility acronyms related to testing and treatment. Here’s a short list of the ABCs and what they mean.
- AH, or assisted hatching, involves making a small hole in an embryo’s outer shell to encourage implantation.
- AMH, or anti-Mullerian hormone, is secreted by developing follicles. AMH is a good indicator of ovarian reserve.
- E2, or estradiol, is a hormone that indicates your ovaries’ ability to produce eggs and helps interpret the FSH test result.
- FET, or frozen embryo transfer, occurs when a cryopreserved embryo created through IVF is thawed and transferred to the uterus.
- FSH, or follicle-stimulating hormone, is responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and is an indicator of ovarian reserve.
- GnRH, or gonadotropin release hormone, regulates the production and release of FSH and LH.
- HCG, or Human Chorionic Gonadotropin, is the hormone detected by pregnancy tests. It is also used in IVF to prepare eggs for retrieval.
- HSG, or hysterosalpingogram, is an X-ray exam of the reproductive organs using dye to determine if fallopian tubes are blocked and detect defects in the uterus.
- ICSI, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection, is the manual injection of a single sperm into an egg to achieve fertilization.
- IUI, or intrauterine insemination, involves placing prepared sperm into the uterus through a catheter passed through the cervix.
- IVF, or in vitro fertilization, is the process by which eggs are retrieved from a woman’s ovaries and fertilized by a sperm in a laboratory to create embryos.
- LH, or luteinizing hormone, is responsible for triggering ovulation.
- PCOS, or polycystic ovary syndrome, is a hormone disorder that can negatively affect fertility and cause lifelong symptoms.
- PGD, or preimplantation genetic diagnosis, analyzes embryonic cells to determine if an embryo carries a specific genetic disease.
- PGS, or preimplantation genetic screening, analyzes embryonic cells to determine if an embryo has the normal number of chromosomes.
- P4, or progesterone, is the hormone that prepares the lining of the uterus for the implantation of the fertilized egg.
- SET, or single embryo transfer, is the preferred approach to achieving a singleton pregnancy through IVF.
Take control of your fertility care
It’s common for fertility treatment to feel confusing at first, so don’t hesitate to ask your doctor to explain any fertility acronyms that may not be familiar. It’s your fertility care, and we want you to feel empowered and informed.
To learn more about fertility acronyms and treatment, contact us to schedule a consultation with our fertility doctor in Manhattan.
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