If your attempts to conceive a child have been fruitless despite one or more years of unprotected intercourse, then it may be time to seek the help of an infertility specialist for diagnosis and treatment.
Find out more about three of the most common causes of infertility by reading the following information. Consult a medical professional to determine if any of these or other conditions might be affecting you or your partner.
Endometriosis: During menstruation, endometrial cells can migrate through the fallopian tubes, into the peritoneal cavity. These cells can implant and the body develops an immune reaction in an effort to eradicate these cells. When this occurs, the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubesare prevented from functioning properly. Women suffering from endometriosis often experience discomfort and pain as a result of the condition.
Abnormal Sperm: Infertility can also be attributed to problems with the male sperm. Issues in this category include low sperm count; abnormal sperm shape, or morphology; and poor sperm motility. The average man typically produces more than 40 million viable sperm within a single ejaculation. With a lower sperm count, even in the millions, chances of egg fertilization are far lower.
Damage to the Fallopian Tubes: Damage to the fallopian tubes is most often caused by pelvic inflammatory disease. Bacterial infections/sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and gonorrhea are common causes of this condition, which can lead to scarring or blockage of the fallopian tubes. When this occurs, the passage of sperm to the ovaries is severely impeded, making fertilization highly unlikely.
Do you have more questions about these or other causes of infertility in both men and women? Call New York Fertility Services at (212) 679-2289 or contact us online to learn about infertility and determine whether you and your partner would benefit from diagnostic testing at our clinic.