An ever increasing number of fertility centers in the United States offer egg donation as part of their fertility treatment options.
This is a highly effective treatment option and for many couples, the challenge relates to when to give up on trying to achieve success with own egg treatment and when to move to egg donation. See a separate article on this topic on this website. Everyone recognizes that egg donation would not be the first choice of any patients. However, the high success rates achievable with this approach, makes it an attractive option for many couples.
Candidates for egg donation
- Advancing age (beyond 40 years) is by far the most common reason why patients elect to undergo ovum donation. In fact the vast majority of ovum donation procedures performed in the U.S in 1998 involved embryo recipients over the age of 40 yrs.
- The second most common indication for OD and one that does not always relate to advancing age is declining ovarian function or diminished ovarian reserve.
- In a select but nevertheless a significant percentage of cases, the indication for OD is premature ovarian failure in women under 40 years due to genetic cause, aneuploidy (e.g. ovarian dysgenesis or Turner’s syndrome), surgical removal of the ovaries (oophorectomy), or exposure to chemotherapy and/or excessive radiation.
- Recurrent IVF failure due to “poor quality eggs or embryos” is a relatively common and one of the most rapidly growing indications for OD in the United States. This is an aspect of low ovarian reserve.
- Another growing reason for American women electing to undergo OD is in cases of same-sex relationships (predominantly female) where both partners wish to share in the parenting experience by one serving as egg provider and the other, as the recipient.
- Egg donation can be used in surrogacy