Fertility Testing for Gay Couples

Fertility Testing for Gay Couples Supports Informed Decisions

If you and your partner are ready to become parents through in vitro fertilization (IVF) and surrogacy, you have many decisions to make. One of the biggest decisions for male gay couples is which partner’s sperm should be used to fertilize your donor eggs. Fertility testing for gay couples gives you, your partner and your fertility specialist the information you need to make an informed choice.

You and your partner may have already thought about whether one or both of you will contribute sperm for your IVF cycle. Fertility testing at our LGBT fertility center in Manhattan gives you confidence that the sperm you’d like to use in your IVF cycle are healthy and able to fertilize an egg.

Fertility Testing for Gay Couples Starts With Semen Analysis

Any partner who may provide sperm for IVF will be asked to provide a semen sample, which will be sent to our IVF lab for study by a skilled andrologist. These specialized scientists will study the sample using advanced equipment designed to measure:

  • The volume of semen in the ejaculate
  • Sperm motility, or ability to move correctly
  • Sperm morphology, or whether the sperm are normally shaped
  • Sperm concentration, or the number of sperm present

There are specialized parameters included in semen analysis, and some options to clarify initial findings.

  • Anti-sperm antibody test for immunologic issues
  • Sperm penetration assay to see if sperm can penetrate the egg
  • Hyposomatic solution assay to study the sperm’s plasma membrane
  • Retrograde semen analysis to determine if semen is ejaculating into the bladder
  • Genetic tests such as sperm aneuploidy testing, chromosome analysis and y-chromosome deletion testing

You may also be referred to a urologist for further evaluation.

In addition to fertility testing for gay couples, we encourage you to consider other factors that could affect your decision, such as any inherited genetic problems that could be passed down to the child. Should you wish to use sperm from a partner with a heritable disease in his family, you may be able to use preimplantation genetic diagnosis to screen your embryos for that specific disorder, so that only disease-free embryos are chosen for transfer to your surrogate.

Get Answers, Make Informed Decisions

Using the information learned from fertility testing for gay couples, you and your partner can decide how you’d like to approach fertilization of your donor eggs during your IVF cycle. Options include choosing one partner’s sperm to combine with the eggs or inject into the eggs using intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or combining sperm from both partners with the eggs and allowing nature to determine which sperm penetrates each egg.

To learn more about IVF and fertility testing for gay couples, contact our LGBT fertility center in Manhattan to schedule a consultation.